BERZÉLIUS (Jöns Jacob). Nouveau système de minéralogie, 1819
BERZÉLIUS (Jöns Jacob). Nouveau système de minéralogie, traduit du suédois sous les yeux de l'auteur ... Paris, Méquignon-Marvis, 1819, in 8°, de VI-315pp., demi-veau blond époque, dos lisse orné, p. de t. bleue, bel exemplaire.
Edition originale française corrigée par Berzélius. Ouvrage fondamental dans lequel il expose sa nouvelle méthode de classification des minéraux d'après leur composition chimique plutôt que sur leurs qualités physiques. En cela il s'opposera à Haüy. Mitscherlich reconnaîtra que la composition chimique reste un élément déterminant et James Dwight Dana reprendra en 1837 les classifications de Berzélius. Toutes les classifications ultérieures seront des classifications chimico-minéralogiques, encore utilisées de nos jours. ¶ DSB II p.90 "In accord with the interest that Swedish chemists had long shown in mineralogical studies, Berzelius had from time to time analyzed minerals that came into his hands. The discovery of cerium was the result of such an analysis. In 1812 he received a gift of a large number of minerals which he later decided to classify. The methods of mineral classification existing at that time were based on appearance and physical properties. These seemed highly unsystematic to Berzelius. He concluded from his analytical experience that a logical classification could be based only on chemical composition. In his original system, first published in 1814, he arranged the minerals in terms of their basic constituents, although he later revised this and placed chief emphasis on the acid component. Like most of Berzelius' innovations, his system of mineral classification was at first received with some hostility but this was gradually overcome. During his visit to Paris in 1818 he won the approval of Haüy, the leading minerologist of the day, whose own system was based on physical properties" - Ward & Carozzi 202 - Hoover 123 - Bolton 308.
Publié par Alain Marchiset